In 2001, more than 800 children age 14 and under died and 47,000 were injured in residential fires. It is estimated that flames and burns are responsible for one-fourth of all fire-related deaths and injuries.
Approximately 75,000 children ages 14 and under are treated in hospital emergency rooms for thermal burn-related injuries, including flames and contact burns. Children age 14 and under account for nearly half of all emergency room treated thermal burns. An average of 16 children ages 14 and under die and nearly 31,500 children are treated in hospital emergency rooms for scald burn-related injuries each year. Children ages 4 and under account for nearly all of these deaths and the majority of these injuries. Among children ages 4 and under hospitalized for burn-related injuries, it is estimated that 65% are treated for scald burns and 20% for contact burns.
There are seven common types of burns.